NOR / ENG / DK / SE

1 Bing Wang, Janette Brand-Miller, Patricia McVeagh, and Peter Petocz: Concentration and distribution of sialic acid in human milk and infant formulas. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001;74(4):510-515. doi:10.1093/ajcn/74.4.510 

2 International Milk Genomics Consortium, 2018 http://milkgenomics.org/docume... 

3 Newburg DS. Oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in human milk: their role in host defense. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 1996 Jul;1(3):271-83. 

4 Ardythe L. Morrow, Guillermo M. Ruiz-Palacios, Xi Jiang, and David S. Newburg: Human-Milk Glycans That Inhibit Pathogen Binding Protect Breast-feeding Infants against Infectious Diarrhea J. Nutr. 135: 1304–1307, 2005. 

5 Martín-Sosa S1, Martín MJ, García-Pardo LA, Hueso P. Distribution of sialic acids in the milk of spanish mothers of full term infants during lactation. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2004 Nov;39(5):499-503. 

6 Ghalib Ali Oriquat; Tahia H. Salem; Samir T. Addullah et al: Soluble CD14, sialic acid and L-fucose in breast milk and their role in increasing immunity of breast-fed infantes. American J Biochemistry & Biotechnology, 

7(1), p 21-28. 2011 7 Cohen M, Varki, A. The sialome–far more than the sum of its parts. OMICS 14: 455–464, 2010 

8 Ref: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/... File:Cell_membrane_drawing-en.svg 

9 Vincent Racaniello: Influenza virus attachment to cells http://www.virology.ws/2009/05... 

10 Ronald L. Schnaar, Rita Gerardy-Schahn, and Herbert Hildebrandt Sialic Acids in the Brain: Gangliosides and Polysialic Acid in Nervous System Development, Stability, Disease, and Regeneration. Physiol Rev. 2014 Apr; 94(2): 461–518. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00033.2013 

11 Ronald L. Schnaar, Rita Gerardy-Schahn, and Herbert Hildebrandt: Sialic Acids in the Brain: Gangliosides and Polysialic Acid in Nervous System Development, Stability, Disease, and Regeneration. Physiol Rev. 2014 Apr; 94(2): 461–518. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00033.2013 

12 Varki A. Sialic acids in human health and disease. Trends Mol Med. 2008; 14:351–360. 

13 Benton DJ, Wharton SA, Martin SR, McCauley JW. 2017. Role of neuraminidase in influenza A(H7N9) virus receptor binding. J Virol 91:e02293-16. https://doi.org/10.1128/ JVI.02293-16. 

14 Bella, J; Kolatkar, PR; Marlor, CW; Greve, JY; Rossmann, MG: The structure of the two amino-terminal domains of human ICAM-1 suggests how it functions as a rhinovirus receptor and as an LFA-1 integrin ligand Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 95, pp. 4140–4145, April 1998 Biochemistry 

15 Casanovas, JM; Bickford, JK; Springer, TA: The Domain Structure of ICAM-1 and the Kinetics of Binding to Rhinovirus. JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, July 1998, p. 6244–6246 

16 Dieter Blaas and Renate Fuchs: Mechanism of human rhinovirus infections. Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics (2016) 3:21 

17 Ursula Neu, Johannes Bauer, and Thilo Stehle: Viruses and Sialic Acids: Rules of Engagement. Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2011 October ; 21(5): 610–618. doi:10.1016/j.sbi.2011.08.009. 

18 Sharon S.H.Choi; NigelBaldwin; Valentine O.Wagner III; ShambhuRoy; JenniferRose; Bjorn A.Thorsrud; PhoukhamPhothirath; Christoph H.Röhrig: Safety evaluation of the human-identical milk monosaccharide sialic acid (N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid) in Sprague-Dawley rats. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology Volume 70, Issue 2, November 2014, Pages 482-491 

19 GRAS Exemption Claim N-Acetyl-0-neuraminic acid (NANA). GRAS Notice (GRN) No. 602 http://www.fda.gov/Food/Ingred... 

20 Samraj AN, Pearce OM, Läubli H, Crittenden AN, Bergfeld AK, Banda K, Gregg CJ, Bingman AE, Secrest P, Diaz SL, Varki NM, Varki A.: A red meat-derived glycan promotes inflammation and cancer progression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Jan 13;112(2):542-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1417508112. Epub 2014 Dec 29.